In 2023, 55% of Germany’s power came from renewable energy sources — the first time Europe’s biggest national economy broke the 50% mark for renewables, says vice-chancellor Robert Habeck, who is also federal minister for economic affairs and climate action. “Our measures to simplify planning and approvals are starting to take effect.” Germany, which has a goal of 80% green energy by 2030, plans to get rid of most of its coal, and intends to use gas primarily as backup for its energy grid in future. Its renewables mix is 31.1% wind, 12.1% solar and biomass and 3.4% a mixture of hydropower and other renewable sources. Bundesnetzagentur, the energy sector regulator, supervises the consumer-funded power grids and must make the transition from centralized fossil fuels operations to millions of smaller, decentralized providers made up of mostly solar and wind. The total amount of power supplied by Germany’s public networks decreased by 5.3% last year, indicating less demand for fossil fuels in favor of renewables.

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