Following the hottest July in Portugal in 90 years, a group of young activists has filed the first case for climate change with the European Court of Human Rights. The plaintiff group consists of citizens ranging in age from 8 to 21. Citing increased trends in catastrophic wildfires and rising temperatures, the group is fearful about their future physical and mental wellbeing. The groundbreaking case names 33 countries for the emissions within their borders and addresses impact elsewhere in the world through trade, fossil-fuel extraction and outsourcing practices. If they win their case, there is potential for significant outcomes throughout Europe.