A study called "Main Street Subsidized Public Transit Pilot" conducted in Boston discovered that giving financial incentives to residents for riding public transit increased usage. In five business districts, those given $60 passes rode buses or subways an average of 8.29 times compared to those who received a $5 pass who rode an average of 2.09 times. The incentives came in response to stresses the pandemic has placed on employees. One participant in the study, who was homeless, reported that the incentives helped her to continue going to work.

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