A study conducted at the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences at the University of Tokyo found interesting results. In a study of 98 students, Professor Kuniyoshi Sakai found that those with musical training at a young age exhibited brain regions associated with emotion and melody that were more active. The study involved fMRI scanning while students listened to music and identified errors in pitch, tempo, stress, and articulation. But one thing is for certain. "Regardless of musical experience," says Sakai, "the particular grammar center in the left brain was activated during the articulation condition. This connection between music and language might explain why everyone can enjoy music even if they are not musical themselves.”

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