Two centuries ago, Ecuador’s Galápagos Islands inspired Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. Now, they are home to another groundbreaking theory which is helping to restore the profusion of life decimated by invasive species. Rewilding combines scientific understanding of wildlife and ecosystems with the traditional knowledge and wisdom of local communities and Indigenous peoples. On Floreana, residents are collaborating to remove invasive species by 2024 and helping to return 13 native species to the island where they went locally extinct by 2027. Rewilding Floreana Island is a shared vision of the Galápagos National Park Directorate and the local community, and it is a model Re:wild and the directorate are using to rewild the other islands in collaboration with local environmental organisations. Re:wild is also adopting this approach elsewhere, including across all of Latin America’s Pacific archipelagos, from Mexico to Chile.