Deforestation in Brazil's Amazon rainforest fell in January from a year earlier. Preliminary satellite data collected by the government's space research agency Inpe showed 167 square km (64 square miles) cleared last month, down 61% from January 2022, the worst for the month in the eight-year series. In mid-January, Brazilian environmental agents launched their first anti-logging raids under President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva. Even with the positive start to the year, experts and staff at environmental agency Ibama warn it may take years for Lula to deliver on conservation targets after the former president Jair Bolsonaro cut funding and staff at key agencies. The Brazilian government is also fighting wildcat mining on Yanomami land in the Amazon, its largest indigenous reservation, amid a humanitarian crisis blamed on illegal gold miners.