Claudia Sheinbaum, former mayor of Mexico City, is the Morena party's presidential candidate in the upcoming June 2024 election, and former Mexican Sen. Xóchitl Gálvez is a presidential candidate for a broad opposition coalition. That means — barring any upsets by a third-party candidate — Mexico will elect a woman president, shattering the glass ceiling in a notoriously patriarchal country. Women have made huge strides in Mexico's political arena in recent years, making up nearly half of the legislature since 2021. A woman is currently chief justice of the Mexican Supreme Court.

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