Sweden sends only a tiny amount of its waste to landfills—it recycles nearly half and burns the other half to generate electricity and heat. This waste-to-energy procedure makes it possible to phase out landfills and replace Russian gas while earning Sweden $100 million per year. Its 34 waste-to-energy plants supply 1.4 million households with heat and 780,000 households with electricity. While most Swedish power comes from hydro and nuclear, the plants reduce greenhouse gases by keeping trash out of landfills. Across Europe, 492 waste-to-energy power plants burn 96 million tons of waste annually, supplying almost 20 million people with electricity.

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